Construction of the Cathedral of the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona has been going on almost 140 years. Gaudi began to build the temple in 1882 at the age of 30 years, he was full of ambition and energy, but I did not have time to complete his main creation during his lifetime. When asked about the timing of the construction of Gaudi replied calmly: "My client is in no hurry". In difficult times, when donations have been received and construction stopped, Gaudi first gave their savings, then he went with an outstretched hand to the rich citizens, and then walked from house to house workers, urging them to work without salary.
Gaudi loved to talk, there is no need to invent anything new, everything is already so long ago created by God. The main Gaudi inspiration was nature, creation and form which he endured on their structure, as can be seen in the museum on the ground floor of the Sagrada Familia and in the basement of La Pedrera.
Gaudí did not just emotionally saturated the environment and create unexpected effects expressionist, he brought in elements of the game architecture, fabulousness, theatricality. Its buildings grew organically, as a natural formation. Gaudi wrote - "A man is always in the process of creation. But the man did not create. He opens. the, who seeks to understand the laws of nature to justify his new work, It works in conjunction with the Creator ".
Gaudi's contemporaries were convinced, that the Sagrada Familia will certainly collapse. But thanks to new technologies has been calculated, that each of the columns of the Temple can withstand seven-magnitude earthquake and wind gusts up to two hundred kilometers per hour.
Connection with nature was the need Gaudi in early childhood. Antonio was deprived of outdoor games, as suffering from rheumatoid arthritis. Among his earliest memories - overheard parents and doctor, who predicted the child is very short life. Adult Gaudí confessed, at that moment I felt an irresistible desire to live. And then I put a lot of effort, to live fully. Following medical prescription, he became a lifelong vegetarian and from an early age acquired the habit, in spite of severe pain, go for long walks on foot.
Already famous, won fame and respect the "good society", became a welcome guest in the best houses in Barcelona, Gaudí was not ashamed of his humble origins. "His good spatial imagination I have to, I'm the son of, grandchildren boilermaker. My father was a blacksmith, and my grandfather was a blacksmith. All these generations have given me the necessary training ". He was immensely attached to the family and are very grateful to my parents for the sacrifices, which they went, to give it a higher education. Gaudi never married, He moved his family from Reus to Barcelona, to take care of all.
He was loved by the workers, he always thought of his. I liked the people and the patriotism of the architect. When the King of Spain, visited their construction site, Gaudi did not want to speak to him in Spanish - only in Catalan. In those years Catalonia had not the easiest period in its relations with Madrid. No, Antonio Gaudi was never a separatist. But the ban on the use of the native language is immensely wounded him. Communicating to work with a large number of people, he was more inclined to resort to the services of an interpreter, we proceed to Spanish.
daily service, permanent post, indifference to material affairs long since become a part of him - the end of life of the aged society considered the Barcelona architect almost the holy fool. In the life of Antonio was a period, when he sought to become part of the "progressive society", sizhival in coffee, interested in fashion, social and political trends, - was not spared by his side and fashion for the young anti-religious sentiment and skepticism. But faith still won and Gaudi away from the material world of benefits, completely giving himself to creativity.
Smerty Gaudi tragic and ridiculous. He accidentally falls under a tram, one of the first launched in Barcelona. His life at that time (73 years) was so ascetic, that he was taken for a tramp and did not assisted. Finally, located at Gaudí's death are taken to hospital. In his pockets they found only a handful of nuts, and the Gospel. And three days later, tens of thousands of people took to the streets of Barcelona, to join in a grand funeral procession. "Catalonia has lost a genius!" - herald headlines. - "In Barcelona he died a saint!". The great architect was buried in the crypt of the Sagrada Familia and the entire Barcelona came to bid farewell to a genius.
poet Lorca, seeing the towers of the cathedral, Gaudi asked: "Are you, create to organs for the Lord? "Gaudi nodded. His dream was to make the tower in wind resonate, to the temple was music creation. In the final draft of the Temple of Gaudi's dream comes true, specially designed for sagrada familia tubular bells will be installed in each of the towers, the sound of which is spread over the whole of Barcelona.
On the facade of the Nativity, which Gaudi had to complete during his lifetime, we see biblical scenes from the New Testament - the Virgin Mary with Child, Magi on their knees, figures trumpeting angels, heralding the birth of Christ. Pigeons on cypress symbolize the souls of the dead, flying after the death of the Kingdom of God. All pieces are made in the natural growth, Gaudí sculpted them from nature. Each tower of the Cathedral symbolizes one of the Apostles.
The second facade of the Passion of Christ, built after the death of the maestro Josep Maria Subirachs. He retained the idea, He radically changed the style. The figures on the facade made in the style of Cubism. Severe broken lines cause a storm of emotions. This is not the joy of the birth of the Son of God, is death, pains, the naked truth about the betrayal of the people. Jesus on the facade shows a completely naked, which caused negative with the public. magic Quadrant, where the number 33, Christ age, stacks in any sequence. The facade was adopted skeptical and did not like barselontsy. He was too modern and conceptual for time.
"It will be like a forest. Soft light will pour through the window openings, located at different heights, and you feel, that is the light of the stars ", - architect wrote. According to the construction plan in the end 2026, the anniversary of Gaudi's death. It remains to build a facade of Fame and two towers - Mary and Christ. The tower height is Christ 172 m, on 8 see below Montjuic, because Gaudí wanted, his creation was above God's creation.
Tickets to Sagrada Familia is better to buy in advance through SITE, so as not to stand in line. At the bottom of the page, find the option Basic Ticket, the cost of which 15 €.