Unlike other European cities, where monarchs were responsible for the construction and maintenance of opera houses, Gran Teatre del Liceu was funded by private sponsors. This is reflected in the architecture of the building, eg, the theater is not the royal bed.
The author of the project was the Liceo Miguel Garriga-and-Rock. He built a theater on the site of the old monastery, so that from the first days of its existence, the theater had to patronize the powers of heaven. But everything turned out quite differently. In our 1847 It was premiered on the stage of the Liceo, as early as 1861 , the theater building was fully covered with fire. During the year, the architect Josep Oriol Mestres restored Liceo. But after the success of reconstruction of the theater is not turned. in the evening 7 November 1893 of the year, during the opening season of the theater productions, in the hall exploded two bombs, laid anarchist Santiago Salvador. killed more 20 guests, many were wounded. The explosion shook Barcelona. What happened in the theater was a reflection of the troubled times.
Thanks to the Spanish neutrality in World War II, 1920-ies became for theater Liceo heyday. In Barcelona we gathered all celebrities, on stage Liceo Feodor Chaliapin sang "Godunov", there were Diaghilev Russian Seasons. but 1931 in upper Raval, after the proclamation of the Spanish Republic, for the theater again come hard times. Liceo not funded, permanently transferred from one owner to another.
Period from 1940 by 1980 It can be called "silver" in the history of the theater. In it sounds the best voice, Here begins his career of Montserrat Caballé and José Carreras, played one premiere after another. but 1994 year - fire again. From random sparks light up the curtain, and soon the flames engulfed all of the theater premises. Liceu was almost completely destroyed. There was a question about the appropriateness of his recovery. Liceu upheld the public. The restoration of the theater took part all Barcelona and almost the whole of Spain. Many famous artists, among them Placido Domingo, Montserrat Caballe, Jose Karreras, gave a charity concert, the proceeds of which go to a specially created fund. It is thanks to the efforts of the Catalans, not wishing to part with her beloved theater, new Liceu was built on the site of the former.
The huge audience is a real work of art. Presence in the hall 2292 Places allows you to classify the Teatro Liceo in the largest opera houses in Europe. The auditorium is made in the spirit of typical Italian theaters in the shape of a horseshoe. Equipped with a theater and a new technical means, electronic monitor on the back of each seat, so that visitors can watch the action on the libretto in any of three languages - English, ispanskom or Catalan. The interior of the Liceo remained the same luxury, as before: golden stucco, lamp glass and copper, curtain handmade plush armchairs.
No less rich and the repertoire of the theater Liceu. Classic "Aida" opera, «Rigoletto», "Faust" and "Carmen" is constantly going on stage Liceo. There are in the repertoire and opera "Gaudí", dedicated to the famous Catalan architect. In addition to the opera in the theater to watch the ballet, children spektalki, listen to flamenco, as well as more modern music groups.
Ticket prices range from 20 to 300 €, depending on where in the room and the grandeur of the event. Typically, the average cost of a place with good visibility around 100 €. It is possible to visit the hall of 6 €.