Unlike other European cities, where the monarchs were responsible for the construction and maintenance of opera theaters, the Gran Teatro del Liceo was funded by private sponsors. This is reflected in the architecture of the building, for example, in the theater is not the royal bed.
The author of the project was the Liceo Miguel Garriga-and-Rock. He built a theater on the site of the old convent, so that from the first days of its existence, the theater had to patronize the powers of heaven. But everything turned out quite differently. In our 1847 It was premiered at the Liceu stage, and in 1861 , the theater building was fully covered with fire. During the year, the architect Josep Oriol Mestres restored Liceo. But after the success of reconstruction of the theater is not turned. in the evening 7 November 1893 , during the opening season of the theater performances, the hall exploded two bombs planted anarchist Santiago Salvador. killed more 20 people, many injured. The explosion shook Barcelona. What happened in the theater was a reflection of the troubled times.
Due to the Spanish neutrality in World War, 1920 steel for the period of blossoming theater Liceo. In Barcelona gathered all the celebrities on stage Liceo Fodor Ivanovich Shalyapin sang "Godunov", there were Diaghilev Russian Seasons. but 1931 year after the proclamation of the Spanish Republic, for the theater again come on hard times. Liceo not funded permanently transferred from one owner to another.
Period from 1940 by 1980 It can be called "silver" in the history of the theater. In it sounds the best voice, began their careers here Montserrat Caballé and José Carreras, played one after another premiere. but 1994 year - fire again. From random sparks light up the curtain, and soon flames engulfed all of the theater premises. Liceu was almost completely destroyed. There was a question about the appropriateness of his recovery. Liceu upheld the public. The restoration of the theater took part all Barcelona and almost the whole of Spain. Many famous artists, including Placido Domingo, Montserrat Caballé, José Carreras, gave a charity concert, the proceeds of which went to a specially created fund. It is thanks to the efforts of the Catalans, who do not want to part with her beloved theater, the new Liceu was built on the site of the former.
The huge audience is a real work of art. Presence in the hall 2292 Places allows you to classify the Teatro Liceo in the largest opera houses in Europe. The auditorium is made in the spirit of typical Italian theaters in the shape of a horseshoe. Equipped with a theater and a new technical means, electronic monitor on the back of each seat, so that visitors can watch the action on the libretto in any of three languages - English, Spanish or Catalan. The interior of the Liceo remained the same luxury as before: gold moldings, lamps of glass and copper, handmade curtains and upholstered velvet armchair.
No less rich and the repertoire of the theater Liceu. Classic opera "Aida", "Rigoletto", "Faust" and "Carmen" is constantly going on stage Liceo. There are in the repertoire and opera "Gaudí", dedicated to the famous Catalan architect. In addition to the opera in the theater to watch a ballet, children's spektalki, listen to flamenco, as well as more contemporary music groups.
Ticket prices range from 20 to 300 €, depending on the location in the hall and a grand event. Typically, the average cost of a place with good visibility around 100 €. It is possible to visit the hall of 6 €.