Joan Miró is one of the highlights of the Spanish avant-garde artists of the XX century, whose life and work are inextricably linked with Barcelona. chrism, as Dali, worked in the genre of Surrealism, The real pride of Catalonia.
chrism, has always advocated the availability of art, with enthusiastic support of his wife Pilar and friends, devises and creates 1975 godu Fund Miro.
"No, Miró Foundation - it is not a museum. I would not like, that it was something cold, frozen, metrvym ... Young artists come here to work and exhibit their works ", - Talked Miro.
Joan Miró Foundation located on the northern slope of the hill of Montjuic, of the National Palace. The building was designed specifically for the museum each artist, architect Josep Lluís Sert. The system of arches between rooms and glass roof give the museum of natural light in the daytime.
In the center of the museum complex is a courtyard in a traditional Mediterranean style - el patio, which are concentrated around the different exhibition halls: Hall of Tapestries, hall Sculptures, Hall of Pilar Juncosa (named in honor of his wife Miro), Hall Joan Prats (which covers the work of the artist 60th and 70th years), and the so-called Hall K.
In the hall "Espai 13" on the first floor are exhibitions of works by young artists. among the works, represented in this collection - paintings, sculptures and photographs of many famous contemporary artists, such as Pierre Alechinsky, Balthus, Anthony Caro, Marcel Duchamp. A special place is occupied by two works by Alexander Calder's "four-wing" and "Mercury Fountain" - the fountain that uses liquid mercury instead of water. Due to the toxic properties of mercury fountain, to protect visitors, It is behind thick glass.
C second floor terrace offers spectacular views over Barcelona. It also presents some of the works of Miro, e.g. La Caricia de un Pájaro ( "Lasky Birds") - painted bronze sculpture.
The permanent collection focuses on the company Miro style - the basic colors and simplified organic forms, symbolizing the stars, moon, birds and women, It takes half the museum. Most of the works donated to the museum by the author.
Other works are Cubist as Miro ( "Street Pedralbes", 1917), naive portrait ( "Portrait of a young girl", 1919) And Surrealist ( "The man and the woman in front of a bunch of crap", 1935). On the second floor there are works of art of the final period, Miro on various political topics.
In our 1986 , the museum building was extended, it appeared lecture hall and library.
During his career, Miró took an interest in different colors, Forms and materials, which allowed him to experiment with different artistic genres: painting, sculpture, graphic arts, ceramics and theater.
Works from the collection of the museum are the main characters in the works of the artist- female, bird, sky and stars. but, walking around the city, you can see his other creations in unexpected places vecma. for example, on the sidewalk Rambla, near the Liceu opera can be seen its mosaic Pla del Oc, and l'Escorxador park is one of the most famous sculptures of the artist - Mujer y pájaro ( "Woman and Bird").
The fund has more than 14,000 works of Joan Miró, including paintings, sculpture, operation of ceramics and textiles, as well as a complete collection of graphic drawings and sketches - all from the first works, created in Barcelona and Paris, to the avant-garde.
Some of the sculptures by Joan Miró, Bon dia e.g., Barcelona ( "Good afternoon, Barcelona ") are presented in the inner courtyard of the museum.
Joan Miro was born in Barcelona in 1893 and he died on the island of Palma de Mallorca 1983. His work can be divided into several periods. To 1919 Miro was inspired by Cubism, He even met in Paris with Picasso. The theme of his works were landscapes, portraits and nudes. Later, he turned to surrealism. Miró drew inspiration from the works of Paul Klee - German-Swiss artist and one of the leading figures of the European avant-garde. Iconic works of the surrealist artist's paintings are "cultivated land" (1923), "Hunter" (1923), "Pastoral" (1923).
International recognition of Joan Miró received 1928 in upper Raval, when the Museum of Modern Art in New York exhibited two of his works. During this period, Miró questioned the importance and relevance of painting, and seriously engaged in sculpture.
The most significant of his works were created during the Spanish Civil War and combines a reflection of the horror of what is happening and dreamy side of his nature. Finally, nature is defeated and Joan returned to his classical and a bit ingenuous form of a vision of the world - birds, stars, female figures. Significant works of this period is considered his painting "Head of a Man" (1937).
In subsequent years, Miró created a series of monumental ceramic panels, decorated the dining room at Harvard University (1960-61), the building of the Higher School of Economic Sciences in St. Gallen (1964), Meg fence Foundation in Saint-Paul-de-Vence (1968), Airport in Barcelona (1970).
From a commercial point of view, Joan Miro - one of the best-selling contemporary artists. His abstract compositions are valued for their decorative features, perfectly suited for the design of banking halls and luxury villas on the French Riviera.