Few people know that walking in the Gothic Quarter of Barcelona, you can visit the ancient Roman cemetery. It is located directly under the open sky in a small area around the corner from Las Ramblas. Tomb of the Roman necropolis date from the first century AD, they were located on the side of the road behind the ramparts, as in ancient times was not allowed to perform the burial within the city. Thus, the Romans formed a tradition to bury along the roads leading to the city walls.
In our 1936 it was discovered around here 70 ancient tombs, and from I to III century AD. The main type of tombstones in this necropolis called "kupa novel". As a rule, they were lower class tombstones. All kupah done a round hole "feeding" the dead. This ceremony is called "profusio". During the veneration of the dead had to go to the cemetery and to feed the dead relatives through the hole to the dead not wandered and did not frighten the living. Under the hole inside the clumps were placed vessels for food and drink.
Near the graves grow roses and rosemary, this ritual plants and in our time in the abundance of plant in the Spanish cemeteries. Researchers-arheobotanika carefully studied the remains of pollen, seeds and charred wood and announced the list of what was growing in the cemetery of those ancient times. It was the evergreen oaks, pines, olive, willow, hazel and juniper, strawberry tree, rosemary, oleander, heather, cistus and ephedra.
In the necropolis open a small museum, which displays objects found during the excavations, as well as available information about the various funeral rituals of the ancient Romans and the territorial organization Barsino.